EDCTP Alumni Network

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Call Senior Fellowship (SF)
Programme EDCTP1
Start Date 2011-04-12
End Date 2014-07-30
Project Code TA.2010.40200.011
Status Completed


Clinical trials in HIV/AIDS in Africa: Should they routinely control for mental health factors?


The study aimed to answer the following questions: 1. What is the prevalence of mental health problems associated with major depressive disorders (MDD) and maladaptive coping style (MACS) among HIV-infected patients in Uganda, and what is the incidence of MDD in HIV/AIDS? 2. Do mental health problems associated with MDD and MACS significantly impact on HIV disease progression in an Ugandian socio-cultural environment including through non-adherence to ART? 3. What would be the potential impact of MDD and MACS mental health covariates on HIV disease progression on the DART trial results under a range of possible differential treatment effects in the subgroups of patients with and without psychological problems?

Host Organisation

Institution Country
Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS/Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) Uganda


Name Institution Country
Heiner Grosskurth Mwanza Intervention Trials Unit (MITU) Tanzania, United Republic of
Jonathan Levin Medical Research Council Programme on AIDS/Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI) Uganda
Vikram Patel London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) United Kingdom

Study Design

Prevalence study of mental health among clinical trials participants in HIV/AIDS

Results & Outcomes

230 subjects (Entebbe: 140; Masaka: 90) were recruited.


Kinyanda E, Hoskins S, Nakku J, Nawaz S, Patel V. Prevalence and risk factors of major depressive disorder in HIV/AIDS as seen in semi-urban Entebbe district, Uganda. BMC Psychiatry. 2011;11:205
Kinyanda E, Weiss HA, Levin J, Nakasujja N, Birabwa H, Nakku J, Mpango R, Grosskurth H, Seedat S, Araya R, Patel V. Incidence and Persistence of Major Depressive Disorder Among People Living with HIV in Uganda. AIDS Behav. 2016 Oct 8. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27722834.
Kinyanda E, Kuteesa M, Scholten F, Mugisha J, Baisley K, Seeley J. Risk of major depressive disorder among older persons living in HIVendemic central and southwestern Uganda. AIDS Care. 2016 Dec;28(12):1516-1521. PubMed PMID: 27263868.

Students Supervised

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Role Committee/board Start Date End Date


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